Forty Days and Forty Nights
alt Francis Pott and others 1861
George H. Smyttan
attr. Martin Herbst 1676
The 2nd verse of this hymns got such Chinese translation:
וַיִּשָּׂ֥א הָעָ֛ם אֶת־בְּצֵקֹ֖ו טֶ֣רֶם יֶחְמָ֑ץ מִשְׁאֲרֹתָ֛ם צְרֻרֹ֥ת בְּשִׂמְלֹתָ֖ם עַל־שִׁכְמָֽם׃
Promised Land or Permitted Land
The first concern of the explorers would therefore have consisted in giving the lie to the legend about the acts accomplished by the Holy One, by
contesting, demystifying, sacred history: all that was done, the coming out of Egypt and the miracles and the promises, all that is not true. Or at least it is po-s>:b:e not to talk about it. Sacred history can be passed over in silence.
Sacred historv can be pertectK explained by history itself, by political, eco-
nomic, social histoiy. Jewish history is like any other history. Michael may
we:; mean in good Hebrew Who is like Cod.” (Do you know of a more
beautiful name- A praver made into a name!) Come on now! Michael comes
from the word mak. which means ‘ weak.” Michael means “weak God.”
The Holy One is not only a God who has never done anything; He is a God
who can do nothing. He will never be able to conquer the Promised Land.
He is a soft God. It is insane to follow him!
Ray lohanan has said: We can explain yet another name: Nahbi, son of Vophsi,
because he hid \hihbi) the words of the Holy One.
Rav Johanan is thus more learned than Rav Isaac. The piece of information
he provides is yaluable.
The explorers undermined the legend of sacred history; they said that
God would not be able to fulfil his promises; but now, in addition, they are
contesting that He has ever promised anything at all. He promised nothing.
When one wants to criticize at any cost, one even uses arguments that con-
tradict each other. He has done nothing, He has promised nothing, He is
Son of Vophsi, because he jumped over \pasa) the attributes of the Holy One,
Blessed be He.
He jumped over His attributes, and it is again very serious. The essential
tribute of God is to reward virtue and to punish vice, they jumped ove
even His attributes. They were perfect atheists. God can do nothing, H ha
«ever done anything, He has promised nothing and does not care at all
and Vic£ P^!shedLu ^ ,W men: a crisis of atheism, a
There’s a statement at end of Ex 16, it sounds pretty odd!
“וְהָעֹמֶר עֲשִׂרִית הָאֵיפָה הוּא׃”
When will you explain a metric system to the audience ? Probably either it is a new system or an obsolete one that young people no longer use it! Or you move to a new country which use another metric system, e.g. English in States!
Actually, trust and believing, it’s really hard to learn. You may just don’t want to experience it. More than 2500 years ago, sons of Israel already tasted it, we just repeat the difficult situation. Hardship of life can kill and destruct everything, the sad thing is we even cannot complain, couldn’t we?
In Ex17:7 ” הֲיֵ֧שׁ יְהוָ֛ה בְּקִרְבֵּ֖נוּ אִם־אָֽיִן׃”
The question when people stayed in difficulty, pain or even injustice!
See the position of Moses & the people, Moses stood in front of (against) The Lord alone, and he faced the crowd, (see the chapter of his father in the law).
And also the crowd was far away from God, but Moses drew near to God (chap 20).
In Ex 23: “וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר פִּקְחִים וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים׃”
Ex 24 is an interesting chapter, it may draw some attention of some scholars. It mentioned about “Book of covenant” which was already in hand of Moses.
Ex 24:7 “”וַיִּקַּח סֵפֶר הַבְּרִית וַיִּקְרָא”
This chapter also mentioned about blood of cutting the berit.
Ex 24:8 “וַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַדָּם וַיִּזְרֹק עַל־הָעָם וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה דַם־הַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר כָּרַת יהוה עִמָּכֶם עַל כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה׃”
And the Blood of sin offering of atonement Ex 30:10 ” מִדַּם חַטַּאת הַכִּפֻּרִים”.
“לְמַלֵּא אֶת־יָדָם” Ex 29:30 lit. to filling their hand; meaning is “to ordain”.
The declaration of Lord, Ex 34:6-7
“וַיַּעֲבֹר יהוה עַל־פָּנָיו וַיִּקְרָא יהוה יהוה אֵל רַחוּם וְחַנּוּן אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וְרַב־חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת׃”
” נֹצֵר חֶסֶד לָאֲלָפִים נֹשֵׂא עָוֹן וָפֶשַׁע וְחַטָּאָה וְנַקֵּה לֹא יְנַקֶּה פֹּקֵד עֲוֹן אָבוֹת עַל־בָּנִים וְעַל־בְּנֵי בָנִים עַל־שִׁלֵּשִׁים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִים׃”
Lord said He is The Lord, and he described sons of Israel as “עַם־קְשֵׁה־עֹרֶף אַתָּה” “אַתֶּם עַם־קְשֵׁה־עֹרֶף” Ex 32:9; 33:3, 5; 34:9
Ex 38:8 “וַיַּעַשׂ אֵת הַכִּיּוֹר נְחֹשֶׁת וְאֵת כַּנּוֹ נְחֹשֶׁת בְּמַרְאֹת הַצֹּבְאֹת אֲשֶׁר צָבְאוּ פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד׃”
This periscope is about the blueprint of making alter, copper bowl and it’s base. Then such statement was placed here to make a remark. ESV rendered it as “8 He made the basin of bronze and its stand of bronze, from the mirrors of the ministering women who ministered in the entrance of the tent of meeting.” They may use a mild translation. This verse could be rendered as “He made the bronze basin and its bronze base in the visions of the host of army who fight in the entrance of the tent of meeting.” There are other terms for women minister, why the authors chose to use a military word!?